We have seen the suffix “ology” with many words related to certain specializations. The term “ology” means “study of a subject” , “a branch of knowledge”. There are many fields in science and medicine that require specialized study so that one can become an expert. Let us learn what some of such specialized studies mean:

Anthropology | The study of human beings |

Archaeology | The study of materials or properties belonged to the people who lived in the past |

Palaeontology (Paleontology) | The study of fossils |

Geology | The study of Earth |

Oceanology | The study of oceans. Also called oceanography |

Meteorology | The study of weather |

Climatology | The study of climate |

Seismology | The study of earthquakes |

Technology | The study of practical / industrial application of scientific discoveries |

Biology | The study of living things |

Zoology | The study of animal life |

Microbiology | The study of microorganisms |

Bacteriology | The study of bacteria |

Virology | The study of viruses |

Entomology | The study of insects |

Ornithology | The study of birds |

Ecology | The study of relationships between the living organisms and their environment |

Physiology | The study of functions and mechanisms of a living system |

Cardiology | The study of the heart |

Neurology | The study of nervous system |

Ophthalmology | The study of the eyes |

Dermatology | The study of the skin |

Psychology | The study of mind and behavior |

Pulmonology | The study of lungs and respiratory system |

Radiology | The study of rays |

Endocrinology | The study of endocrine glands (internal secretory glands) |

Gastroenterology | The study of the stomach and intestines |

Odontology | The study of the teeth |

Oncology | The study of cancer |

Osteology | The study of bones |

Immunology | The study of immune systems |

Hematology | The study of blood |

Histology | The study of living tissues |

Myology | The study of muscles |

Diabetology | The study of diabetes |

Nephrology | The study of kidneys |

Pathology | The study of diseases |

Pharmocology | The study of drugs |

Astrobiology (Exobiology) | The study of life outside the Earth |

Cosmology | The study of the nature and origin of the universe |

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